Related e. Wikipedia Wiktionary Shop. Classical Latin is the form of the Latin language used by the ancient Romans in what is usually regarded as " classical " Latin literature. Its use spanned the Golden Age of Latin literature—broadly the 1st century BC and the early 1st century AD—possibly extending to the Silver Age—broadly the 1st and 2nd centuries. What is now called "Classical Latin" was, in fact, a highly stylized and polished written literary language selectively constructed from early Latin. The spoken Latin of the common people of the Roman Empire , especially from the 2nd century onward, is generally called Vulgar Latin. Vulgar Latin differed from Classical Latin in its vocabulary and grammar, and as time passed, it came to differ in pronunciation as well. Good Latin in philology is "classical" Latin literature.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article has been reviewed in accordance with our editorial policy. Hostius was a Roman epic poet and author of a poem believed to be about the Istric War of B. Aulus Furius Antias was a Roman poet. Atta was a writer and poet. About 60 lines have been preserved.
Any attempt at defining popular literature with some precision is fraught with difficulties. However, gradually a different attitude emerged: one that appreciated literature, and especially narrative, mostly or even only for its pleasurable and escapist qualities, sometimes even without any concern for its cultural sophistication. This rather loose definition allows us to discern a popular streak in many literary forms. For example, it is often surmised that ancient drama addressed the Roman people as a whole, without distinction of social class or cultural level. Other forms of theatre, such as Atellanae , mime, and pantomime, had a more farcical nature and were especially favoured by a less sophisticated public, but at least on some occasions they made some demands on the education of their audiences and contributed to the diffusion of traditional Roman culture. Non-elite social classes had literary activities of their own, especially during the Empire, when literacy increased.
Roman literature , written in the Latin language, remains an enduring legacy of the culture of ancient Rome. Some of the earliest extant works are historical epics telling of the early military history of Rome , followed as the Republic expanded by poetry, comedies, histories and tragedies. Latin literature drew heavily on the traditions of other cultures, particularly the more matured literary tradition of Greece , and the strong influence of earlier Greek authors is readily apparent. Few works remain of Early and Old Latin, although a few of the plays of Plautus and Terence have come down to us. Catullus pioneered the naturalization of Greek lyric verse forms into Latin in his very personal sometimes erotic, sometimes playful, and frequently abusive poetry. The Hellenizing tendencies of Golden Age Latin reached their apex in the epic poetry of Vergil , the odes and satires of Horace and the elegiac couplets of Ovid.